The first models of electric cab to lead battery as the Riker Electric date from the late 19th century and it is even a car electron, "La Jamais Contente" which, the first, passed the symbolic speed of 100 km / h in 1899.
The fairy electricity participated in the development of the automobile from its beginning because it was cheaper than its gasoline counterparts, reliable and convenient especially for those who exercised urban occupations (taxis and delivery) for which the judgments of consumer -gros 'gasoline-were frequent. In 1900, over 4192 vehicles manufactured in the United States, 1575 were electric, petrol 936 and 1681 steam.
The famous Model T to be released in 1908 will carry a real blow to electric cars thanks to its low price, its robustness and unbeatable range.
At the end of the Second World War, fossil fuels have completely taken over the electron on transport. The engine has become more efficient, the fuel supply stations have become more numerous.
But above all, thanks to improved oil refining techniques, gasoline has become much cheaper and allows to go away while the all-electric French Milde-Krieger came in 1941 offer a range of only 90 km a speed of 90 km / h. Too little, it will be one of the last electric for the general public.
Intimately linked to oil prices, the development of electric vehicle projects will resume shortly after the oil crisis of 1973. In 1976, the US Congress adopted the "Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act" which aims to finance search for vehicles using alternative energy sources.
But we must wait until the mid-90s to see reappear in large series personal vehicles to electrons as the EV1 all-electric General Motors, whose sales figures will not exceed the thousand copies. It was in 1995 that the fate of electric Citroën AX for Nickel-Cadmium batteries whose autonomy tops out at 80 kms. Yet it had some interesting advantages including a 8.5-liter petrol tank ... for heating.
Today there are many representatives of the all-electric car that range from friendly to Twizzy sportcars Tesla whose autonomy, the main intrinsic defect in this type of vehicle is erased through the use of a huge battery pack.