Here is the proposal of the French National Council for Air (CNA) the concerns the ZAPA, fines ranging from € 68 for passenger cars to €133 for trucks.
The ZAPA are areas of priority for air, they will start being tested in 2012 and for at least 3 years in eight cities: Paris, Saint-Denis, Lyon, Grenoble, Clermont-Ferrand, Bordeaux, Nice and Aix-en-Provence.
The fines will be given to the vehicles traveling in these areas without permission, a sort of congestion charge (as in London) in a disguised form.
These areas are mainly trying to evict the fine particules (particulate matter) emissions mostly coming from diesel engines.
What are the thresholds?
Divided in four groups of vehicles and emission levels, the partner cities of the experiment may determine themselves their thresholds, for example, Paris may choose to fix the limit at the strictest level while other cities may not: the strictest group concerns the vehicles produced before January 1, 2006 and not respecting the Euro 4 norm...More details on the thresholds (in French)
Difficult to know how the tests will be conducted and the polluters identified, but Martial Saddier, President of the National Concil for Air considers that this coercive amount should discourage polluters.
The amount of the fine still has to be approved by the French government.