The European Commission has introduced a bill that aims to reduce our dependence on oil. The text requires a significant increase of charging infrastructure for electric vehicles and, to a smaller extent, hydrogen stations.
If adopted, the project would require to go from 11,500 electric charging stations now to 800,000 by 2020! The goal is to reduce Europe's energy dependence we import 84% of the oil used for transportation approximately a billion € per day in 2011, according to the Commission. The method pledged is to accelerate the deployment and grid territories with specific targets by country.
France should offer 97,000 station against 1,500 in 2011 (excluding car-sharing) while Sweden that had none according to the table provided by the Commission should install 14,000 by 2020.
(*) : Objectif de bornes accessibles au public
|Etat-membre||Bornes VE existantes (en 2011)||Objectif de bornes VE* en 2020|
|République Tchèque||23||13 000|
|Allemagne||1 937||150 000|
|France||1 600 (hors bornes des services d'autopartage)||97 000|
|Italie||1 350||125 000|
|Pays-Bas||1 700||32 000|
|Portugal||1 350||12 000|
|Espagne||1 356||82 000|
"Ambition" is the watchword of this text presented on January 24th. But this framework agreement which sets the objectives will be difficult to implement since it is not accompanied by financial aid and does not provide sanctions.
States are expected to find on their own "an annual public budget allocated to the deployment of infrastructure for alternative fuels," another "to support the production sites of alternative fuel technologies" and the last "to support research, technological development and demonstration activities." For an amount estimated at €8 billion, still according to the Commission’s document.
Regarding the deployment of hydrogen, the bill states that all the countries that have already installed charging stations (14 out of 27 countries) must continue to grid the country so that users have a station every 300 kms.
Table via AutoActu